Growing and Saving the Seed Of Fenugreek

Latin name Trigonella foenum-graecum is an annual member of the legume family. The seeds and leaves of fenugreek are a popular ingredient in Indian food. Grown as an annual in most zones and perennial from USDA zones 9-11.



Native to the Middle East. An ancient plant, the use of cultivated seeds dates back thousands of years. In ancient Greece, the seeds were used to flavor wine.


  • Fenugreek leaves and seeds have many culinary uses.




  • Seeds will germinate in 3-5 days.
  • Sow seeds 1/4 inch deep.
  • Start indoors 3-4 weeks before last frost and transplant outdoors after last frost or direct sow after all chance of frost has passed and soil has reliably warmed to 60 F.
  • Ideal germination temperature is 65-75 F.


  • Prefers full sun to light afternoon shade.
  • Provide average, well-drained soil.
  • Frost sensitive.
  • Space plants 4-6 inches apart.


  • This plant has no serious pest or disease issues.


  • Collect dried seed pods and dry for 7 days out of direct sunlight in a warm, dry area.
  • Pick seeds from pods or thresh to free seeds.
  • Seeds can be separated from the chaff by winnowing.