Latin name Papaver rhoeas is an herbaceous perennial in the poppy family. Also known as corn poppy and Flanders poppy, it is a common agricultural weed of Europe.



Native from Africa to temperate and tropical Asia and Europe. The seeds of this poppy variety are known to remain in soil for many years, springing to life when soil is disturbed. During WWI, excessive ground disturbance on battlefields caused the poppies to bloom. The Flanders poppy is now a symbol of Remembrance Day, observed each year on November 11. 


  • Ornamental.
  • Beds, borders, containers, cottage garden, cut flower garden, cutting garden, wildflower mixes. 
  • Corn poppies are moderately attractive to a range of bees.




  • Seeds germinate in 10-14 days.
  • Direct seed in place in late fall or early spring.
  • You can start indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost, being careful not to disturb roots or allow plants become root bound, as poppies are sensitive to root disturbance.
  • Surface sow seeds and gently press into soil; light aids in germination.
  • Keep seeds moist until germinated.
  • Ideal germination temperature is 55 F.


  • Prefers full sun, moderately rich, loose, well-drained soil.
  • Direct seed in early spring.
  • Space plants 8-12 inches apart.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to encourage continued blooming.


  • Aphids can be a minor problem with this generally pest-free plant.
  • Treat aphids with organic insecticidal soap.


  • Often self sows, but you can also harvest seeds when capsules turn brown.
  • Save seed over winter in a cool, dark, dry place.