How To Grow and Save Seed of Stocks

Stocks, Latin name Matthiola incana, are a fragrant flower that is incredibly sweet, spicy and utterly intoxicating! It is a member of the brassica family and one of the best-smelling flowers available. With its luxuriant and stunning clusters of blooms, this flower is a true classic.



Native to southern Europe, it grows from cliffsides to inland areas, thriving in chalk soils. Its beautiful fragrance makes it a popular cutting flower.


  • Ornamental
  • Fragrant garden
  • Cutting garden, cottage garden, containers, beds, borders, seaside gardens, grows well in the cracks of rock walls
  • Makes an excellent cut flower for arrangements




  • Start seeds indoors about one month before planting out.

  • Sow seeds 1/4 inch deep.

  • Ideal germination temperature is 60-65 F. Seeds germinate in 7-21 days.


  • Keep in mind that stocks prefer cool weather and the plants' blooming ability will suffer in summer's heat, so it is ideally suited to early spring and fall.
  • Space plants 8-12 inches apart.
  • Stocks flourish in full sun and will provide glorious blooms throughout spring.
  • When cutting, harvest stems when 1/3-1/2 of florets are open.


  • A few molds and rots can occur when overhead irrigation is used. Avoid this watering method and provide good drainage.


  • Stocks are a brassica.
  • You can hand pick the seeds from their dried brown pods and store in a cool, dark, dry place.