(Brassica oleraceae) Collards are easy to grow and highly nutritious. Leafy brassicas such as collards and kale are believed to be more similar to the original wild cabbage ancestor of the eastern Mediterranean than crops like cauliflower and Brussels sprouts. They were quickly embraced as a cold-loving crop after the ancient Romans introduced them into Europe. In the spring, sow seeds 8-10 weeks before last fall frost. For fall harvest, sow seeds directly from July to September for a late fall crop that will taste super sweet after a bit of frost exposure. Ideal germination temperature is 70-75F. Collards require good moisture and full sun. Set plants out or thin to 12- 18 inches apart. Collards, being a Southern staple, are also fairly heat tolerant, and in mild climates, they can be grown year round. With a bit of protection, they can be grown late into the fall in cooler climates.